The Digital Markets Act (DMA) establishes a set of clearly defined objective criteria to identify “gatekeepers”. Gatekeepers are large digital platforms providing so called core platform services, such as for example online search engines, app stores, messenger services. Gatekeepers will have to comply with the do’s (i.e. obligations) and don’ts (i.e. prohibitions) listed in the DMA.
The DMA is one of the first regulatory tools to comprehensively regulate the gatekeeper power of the largest digital companies. The DMA complements, but does not change EU competition rules, which continue to apply fully.
Who's in charge
The European Commission is the sole enforcer of the DMA. A joint team in the Directorates-General for Competition (DG COMP) and Communications Networks, Content and Technology (DG CONNECT) is responsible for the implementation and enforcement of the DMA.